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id="Lab_CurrentLocation">首页 > 观点</span></div> </div> <div class="MainCont"> <div class="MainLeft" id="WinLeft"> <div class="B1"> <div class="null"></div> <div id="PanShowTitle" class="lcBlk"> <div id="artibodyTitle"> <h1><span id="Lab_Title">“垄断”壁垒正在瓦解,“融合”趋势加速到?——年度调研之《大土木设计行业上篇?/span></h1> <div class="from_info"> 消息来源?span id="Lab_Author">本网?/span>     发布时间?span id="Lab_AppearDate">2020/6/3 14:47:01</span>     浏览次数?span id="Lab_BrowseCount"></span></div> </div> </div> <div class="null"></div> <div class="B1_01"> <span class="TDContent"><span id="Lab_Content"><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); line-height: 1.75em; letter-spacing: 2px; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; line-height: 22.5px; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">前言:作为专注于工程建设领域的专业管理咨询机构,攀成德每年?-2个月时间,组织专业人员,调研行业发展状况。今年的主题是“大型设计院业务转型和工程总承包业务发展”,调研工作?月下旬正式启动,5月底顺利结束,完成了?2个细分行业的46家大型设计院的调研。调研前我们会对调研企业进行针对性研究,包括细分行业、业务、组织和人员结构等,分析企业可能关注的问题,然后修改访谈提纲,调研后对信息进行分析整理,每家企业研究、分析、整理的时间通常会超?0个人工时,累计投入超?000个人工时,已形成调研记录30万字,近期正在对调研信息进行梳理和总结?/span></p><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; white-space: normal; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); line-height: 1.75em; letter-spacing: 2px; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; line-height: 22.5px; color: black;">为方便总结,我们把市政、铁道、公路、水运四个勘察设计细分行业归类为“大土木”设计行业,并对这四个勘察设计细分行业的调研情况进行总结提炼,供领导们参考。这些总结可能存在不全面、不系统、不深刻的地方,甚至可能与您的感受不一</span><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; line-height: 22.5px;">致,攀成德李福和、蔡敏对所发布观点的真实性负责,欢迎大家拍砖、交流。如我们?span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; color: black;">调研总结对行业发展有负面作用、或引起过大的争议,其他细分行业我们仍会继续总结,但将不再对外公开发布?/span></span></span></p><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; white-space: normal; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); text-align: center; line-height: 1.75em; letter-spacing: 2px; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-family: 宋体, SimSun; font-size: 16px;"><strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; line-height: 24px; color: black; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">上篇:大土木勘察设计行业的外部环?/span></strong></span></p><p><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; color: rgb(62, 62, 62); background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><section data-role="outer" label="Powered by 135editor.com" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><section data-role="paragraph" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><section data-id="89434" data-tools="135编辑? style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.8); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; border-width: 0px; border-style: none; border-color: initial; letter-spacing: 0.68px; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; text-align: center; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><section class="__bg_gif" data-order="1" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; background-position: 0px 50%; width: 2.5em; height: 3em; background-image: url("https://mmbiz.qpic.cn/mmbiz_gif/fgnkxfGnnkTMNtGy7KWfCrdJibAYY6HtIUM7juy5UwZTqywnItJwjmgOAnlHP5j2n4icsH3qhoFCNmw5yAPIso0Q/640?wx_fmt=gif"); color: rgb(255, 255, 255); line-height: 3em; font-size: 1em; background-repeat: no-repeat; display: inline-block; background-size: 100%; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><p title="" data-original-title="" style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">1</p></section></section></section><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.8); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; letter-spacing: 0.54px; text-align: center; line-height: 27.2px; widows: 1; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-family: 宋体; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">看国内市?/strong></span></p><section data-tools="135编辑? data-id="93591" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><section style="margin: 10px auto; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; text-align: center;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; border-color: rgb(162, 162, 162); border-radius: 20px; display: inline-block;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; display: flex;"><section style="margin: 0px 0px 0px -1px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; width: 25px; height: 25px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; border-color: rgb(162, 162, 162); border-radius: 50%; background: rgb(165, 165, 165);"><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><br style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"/></p></section><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px 10px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; color: rgb(63, 63, 63); letter-spacing: 1.5px;"><section data-brushtype="text" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">大土木行?/span></p></section></section></section></section></section></section></section></section></section><section data-role="list" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; line-height: 1.75em; letter-spacing: 2px; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; line-height: 22.5px; color: black; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">1.城镇化的大时代催生了土木工程大时代,我们定义的四个土木工程细分行业占基础设施建设投资?0%,而基础设施投资占城镇固定资产投资的?/4,可以说基础设施的大发展时代为从事土木工程的勘察设计企业提供了巨大的发展机遇,土木工程行业总体投资规模大、区域分布广、项目数量多、项目平均体量大?/span></p><section data-role="list" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; line-height: 1.75em; letter-spacing: 2px; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; line-height: 22.5px; color: black; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">2.项目投资主体的单一性和多样性并存。绝大多数项目的最终购买者是政府或大型国有企业,这是单一性;而PPP建设模式的兴起,在项目层面显示出投资主体的多样性、建设和运营阶段业主的多样性;不同的建设模式、项目不同的发包模式、选择在不同环节发包,使项目的参与方式存在巨大差异,市场的竞争态势、项目的竞争模式呈现多元化、多样化的趋势;</span></p><section data-role="list" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; line-height: 1.75em; letter-spacing: 2px; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; line-height: 22.5px; color: black; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">3.基础设施建设投资的逆经济周期性,导致基础设施建设市场的逆周期性。经济形势好的时候,政府财政充裕,是基础设施建设的春天;经济形势不好的时候,政府为了拉动经济、增加就业机会,需要加大基础设施投资;所以基础设施建设行业总体上四季如春,为大土木行业的建设参与者提供了平稳的外部市场环境;</span></p><section data-role="list" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; line-height: 1.75em; letter-spacing: 2px; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; line-height: 22.5px; color: black; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">4.土木建设市场在区域之间存在显著的不均衡。西部大开发、东北振兴等国家政策为这些地区的基础设施建设提供了比较大的支撑,但都显示出阶段性、区域性、政策性的特征,在经济上难以实现市场化的操作,市场的长期持续性仍然有待观察。基础设施建设大市场依然在经济发达区域,大型城市、都市圈、城市群、经济带才是基础建设的重点市场,其特征是市场规模大、市场平稳、项目的市场化操作特征更明显,资金到位更快到位比率更高;</span></p><section data-role="list" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; line-height: 1.75em; letter-spacing: 2px; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; line-height: 22.5px; color: black; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">5.改革开放以来,持续的、长期的大规模新建,使大土木领域积累了巨大的工程存量,存量工程需要持续的升级、改造、检测、维保,其成本越来越高,这一市场也越来越大?/span></p><section data-tools="135编辑? data-id="93591" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><section style="margin: 10px auto; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; text-align: center;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; border-color: rgb(162, 162, 162); border-radius: 20px; display: inline-block;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; display: flex;"><section style="margin: 0px 0px 0px -1px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; width: 25px; height: 25px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; border-color: rgb(162, 162, 162); border-radius: 50%; background: rgb(165, 165, 165);"><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><br style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"/></p></section><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px 10px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; color: rgb(63, 63, 63); letter-spacing: 1.5px;"><section data-brushtype="text" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">市政</span></p></section></section></section></section></section></section></section></section></section></section></section><section data-role="list" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; line-height: 1.75em; letter-spacing: 2px; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; line-height: 22.5px; color: black; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">1.市政投资基本稳定,全国年投资总量?万亿,占全社会固定资产投资的3%左右?/span></p><section data-role="list" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; line-height: 1.75em; letter-spacing: 2px; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; line-height: 22.5px; color: black; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">2.路桥、水、电、气等传统市场基本稳定,地下空间、轨道交通、水环境、综合交通等市场不断扩容?/span></p><section data-role="list" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; line-height: 1.75em; letter-spacing: 2px; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; line-height: 22.5px; color: black; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">3.智能交通和平安城市等新基础设施成为市政企业和互联网企业竞争的新领域?/span></p><section data-tools="135编辑? data-id="93591" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><section style="margin: 10px auto; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; text-align: center;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; border-color: rgb(162, 162, 162); border-radius: 20px; display: inline-block;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; display: flex;"><section style="margin: 0px 0px 0px -1px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; width: 25px; height: 25px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; border-color: rgb(162, 162, 162); border-radius: 50%; background: rgb(165, 165, 165);"><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><br style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"/></p></section><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px 10px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; color: rgb(63, 63, 63); letter-spacing: 1.5px;"><section data-brushtype="text" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">铁道</span></p></section></section></section></section></section></section></section></section></section><section data-role="list" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; line-height: 1.75em; letter-spacing: 2px; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; line-height: 22.5px; color: black; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">1.投资基本稳定?000亿,高铁、城际铁路、货运铁路更新等均衡发展?/span></p><section data-role="list" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; line-height: 1.75em; letter-spacing: 2px; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; line-height: 22.5px; color: black; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">2.战略性铁路建设项目启动,成为一段时间的建设亮点,如川藏铁路?/span></p><section data-role="list" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; line-height: 1.75em; letter-spacing: 2px; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; line-height: 22.5px; color: black; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">3.国家“四纵四横”的高速铁路骨干网接近完成,都市圈、城市群之间的铁路建设将持续更长的时间?/span></p><section data-tools="135编辑? data-id="93591" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><section style="margin: 10px auto; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; text-align: center;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; border-color: rgb(162, 162, 162); border-radius: 20px; display: inline-block;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; display: flex;"><section style="margin: 0px 0px 0px -1px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; width: 25px; height: 25px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; border-color: rgb(162, 162, 162); border-radius: 50%; background: rgb(165, 165, 165);"><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><br style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"/></p></section><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px 10px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; color: rgb(63, 63, 63); letter-spacing: 1.5px;"><section data-brushtype="text" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">公路</span></p></section></section></section></section></section></section></section></section></section><section data-role="list" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; line-height: 1.75em; letter-spacing: 2px; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; line-height: 22.5px; color: black; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">1.总体投资基本稳定?万亿的规模,高速公路、高等级公路、县乡村道建设齐头并进;</span></p><section data-role="list" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; line-height: 1.75em; letter-spacing: 2px; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; line-height: 22.5px; color: black; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">2.高速公路投资的社会效益和经济效益越来越倒挂,全国以高速公路为主的收费公路、隧道、桥梁的投资回报越来越低,使未来的投资持续性越来越不确定;</span></p><section data-role="list" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; line-height: 1.75em; letter-spacing: 2px; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; line-height: 22.5px; color: black; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">3.高速公路的建设,国网高速总体基本完成,未来的建设重点在省网的不断完善,建设规模将逐步萎缩;高等级普通公路的建设仍将持续,但不会大规模爆发;县县通、乡乡通、村村通仍有巨大空间,但投资密度不大,大部分无需大型设计企业参与?/span></p><section data-role="list" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; line-height: 1.75em; letter-spacing: 2px; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; line-height: 22.5px; color: black; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">4.随着存量的不断增加,不同等级公路的升级改造、维保和大中型桥梁的维保市场越来越大?/span></p><section data-role="list" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; line-height: 1.75em; letter-spacing: 2px; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; line-height: 22.5px; color: black; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">5.智慧交通、自动驾驶成为公路领域新的技术突破点,也将为从业企业带来新的潜在业务增长点?/span></p><section data-tools="135编辑? data-id="93591" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><section style="margin: 10px auto; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; text-align: center;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; border-color: rgb(162, 162, 162); border-radius: 20px; display: inline-block;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; display: flex;"><section style="margin: 0px 0px 0px -1px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; width: 25px; height: 25px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; border-color: rgb(162, 162, 162); border-radius: 50%; background: rgb(165, 165, 165);"><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><br style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"/></p></section><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px 10px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; color: rgb(63, 63, 63); letter-spacing: 1.5px;"><section data-brushtype="text" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">水运</span></p></section></section></section></section></section></section></section></section></section></section></section><section data-role="list" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; line-height: 1.75em; letter-spacing: 2px; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; line-height: 22.5px; color: black; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">1.总体投资在经?013的高峰后逐步萎缩?019年投资总额约为1200亿元?/span></p><section data-role="list" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; line-height: 1.75em; letter-spacing: 2px; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; line-height: 22.5px; color: black; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">2.港口建设从新建转向改造和功能提升,并建设与之配套的多功能物流中心的方向转变?/span></p><section data-role="list" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; letter-spacing: 0.544px; color: rgb(62, 62, 62); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><section data-role="outer" label="Powered by 135editor.com" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><section data-role="paragraph" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><section data-id="89434" data-tools="135编辑? style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.8); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; border-width: 0px; border-style: none; border-color: initial; letter-spacing: 0.68px; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; text-align: center; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><section class="__bg_gif" data-order="2" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; background-position: 0px 50%; width: 2.5em; height: 3em; background-image: url("https://mmbiz.qpic.cn/mmbiz_gif/fgnkxfGnnkTMNtGy7KWfCrdJibAYY6HtIUM7juy5UwZTqywnItJwjmgOAnlHP5j2n4icsH3qhoFCNmw5yAPIso0Q/640?wx_fmt=gif"); color: rgb(255, 255, 255); line-height: 3em; font-size: 1em; background-repeat: no-repeat; display: inline-block; background-size: 100%; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><p title="" data-original-title="" style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">2</p></section></section></section><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.8); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; letter-spacing: 0.54px; text-align: center; line-height: 27.2px; widows: 1; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-family: 宋体; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">看国际市?/strong></span></p></section></section></section></section></section></section><section data-role="list" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><section data-tools="135编辑? data-id="93591" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><section style="margin: 10px auto; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; text-align: center;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; border-color: rgb(162, 162, 162); border-radius: 20px; display: inline-block;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; display: flex;"><section style="margin: 0px 0px 0px -1px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; width: 25px; height: 25px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; border-color: rgb(162, 162, 162); border-radius: 50%; background: rgb(165, 165, 165);"><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><br style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"/></p></section><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px 10px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; color: rgb(63, 63, 63); letter-spacing: 1.5px;"><section data-brushtype="text" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">大土木行?/span></p></section></section></section></section></section></section><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; line-height: 1.75em; letter-spacing: 2px; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; line-height: 22.5px; color: black; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">1.大土木是中国建筑企业开拓海外市场的三大领域之一,总体排序是公路、铁路、水运、市政;</span><br style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"/></p><section data-role="list" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; line-height: 1.75em; letter-spacing: 2px; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; line-height: 22.5px; color: black; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">2.“一带一路”国家仍是中国建筑企业的主要目标市场?/span></p><section data-role="list" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; line-height: 1.75em; letter-spacing: 2px; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; line-height: 22.5px; color: black; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">3.建筑央企和大型国企是海外市场的主力军?/span></p><section data-role="list" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; letter-spacing: 0.544px; color: rgb(62, 62, 62); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><section data-role="outer" label="Powered by 135editor.com" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><section data-role="paragraph" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><section data-id="89434" data-tools="135编辑? style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.8); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; border-width: 0px; border-style: none; border-color: initial; letter-spacing: 0.68px; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; text-align: center; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><section class="__bg_gif" data-order="3" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; background-position: 0px 50%; width: 2.5em; height: 3em; background-image: url("https://mmbiz.qpic.cn/mmbiz_gif/fgnkxfGnnkTMNtGy7KWfCrdJibAYY6HtIUM7juy5UwZTqywnItJwjmgOAnlHP5j2n4icsH3qhoFCNmw5yAPIso0Q/640?wx_fmt=gif"); color: rgb(255, 255, 255); line-height: 3em; font-size: 1em; background-repeat: no-repeat; display: inline-block; background-size: 100%; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><p title="" data-original-title="" style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">3</p></section></section></section><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.8); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; letter-spacing: 0.54px; text-align: center; line-height: 27.2px; widows: 1; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-family: 宋体; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">看竞?/strong></span></p></section></section></section></section></section></section></section><section data-role="list" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><section data-tools="135编辑? data-id="93591" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><section style="margin: 10px auto; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; text-align: center;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; border-color: rgb(162, 162, 162); border-radius: 20px; display: inline-block;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; display: flex;"><section style="margin: 0px 0px 0px -1px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; width: 25px; height: 25px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; border-color: rgb(162, 162, 162); border-radius: 50%; background: rgb(165, 165, 165);"><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><br style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"/></p></section><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px 10px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; color: rgb(63, 63, 63); letter-spacing: 1.5px;"><section data-brushtype="text" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">大土木行?/span></p></section></section></section></section></section></section><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; line-height: 1.75em; letter-spacing: 2px; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; line-height: 22.5px; color: black; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">1.与建筑设计细分行业的高度市场化相比,大土木行业总体处于垄断竞争状态,传统优势企业处于竞争的主航道,但辅助航道的企业仍然有生存空间;细分行业的竞争激烈程度也存在显著差异,市政行业的竞争最激烈,公路、水运次之,铁道行业垄断程度最高;</span><br style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"/></p><section data-role="list" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; line-height: 1.75em; letter-spacing: 2px; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; line-height: 22.5px; color: black; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">2.大基建的业务在逐步融合,铁道行业正在进入公路、市政、水环境、园区规划等,公路企业也从进入市政领域到逐步进入铁道、轨道交通领域;</span></p><section data-role="list" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; line-height: 1.75em; letter-spacing: 2px; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; line-height: 22.5px; color: black; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">3.大土木领域勘察设计企业的人均设计咨询收入和人均利润处于整个行业的领先水平,以设计咨询收入为例,建筑设计细分行业优秀企业的人均营收是50?70万,而大土木行业优秀企业的人均营收超?00万,少数企业可以达到120万甚至更高;人均利润最高的企业达到40万,部分被调查企业的人均利润接近或超?0万;</span></p><section data-role="list" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; line-height: 1.75em; letter-spacing: 2px; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; line-height: 22.5px; color: black; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">4.高收入、高利润率将激励行业企业不断做大,也将吸引行业外的企业进入这些行业,未来的竞争会更加激烈;在同行激烈竞争的同时,不同细分行业的设计院也存在竞合,竞争模式将越来越多样化?/span></p><section data-tools="135编辑? data-id="93591" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><section style="margin: 10px auto; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; text-align: center;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; border-color: rgb(162, 162, 162); border-radius: 20px; display: inline-block;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; display: flex;"><section style="margin: 0px 0px 0px -1px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; width: 25px; height: 25px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; border-color: rgb(162, 162, 162); border-radius: 50%; background: rgb(165, 165, 165);"><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><br style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"/></p></section><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px 10px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; color: rgb(63, 63, 63); letter-spacing: 1.5px;"><section data-brushtype="text" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">市政</span></p></section></section></section></section></section></section></section></section></section></section><section data-role="list" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; line-height: 1.75em; letter-spacing: 2px; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; line-height: 22.5px; color: black; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">1.高端市场,如轨道交通呈现垄断竞争状态,其他业务领域的竞争不断白热化,但传统区域企业依然在人脉、服务等方面具有竞争优势?/span></p><section data-role="list" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; line-height: 1.75em; letter-spacing: 2px; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; line-height: 22.5px; color: black; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">2.大型设计院不断扩大业务的区域布局,呈现出集团化的发展趋势,技术、人力资源、管理体系是支撑业务在区域发展的三大支柱,对坚守区域的设计院构成强大的竞争压力;</span></p><section data-tools="135编辑? data-id="93591" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><section style="margin: 10px auto; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; text-align: center;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; border-color: rgb(162, 162, 162); border-radius: 20px; display: inline-block;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; display: flex;"><section style="margin: 0px 0px 0px -1px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; width: 25px; height: 25px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; border-color: rgb(162, 162, 162); border-radius: 50%; background: rgb(165, 165, 165);"><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><br style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"/></p></section><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px 10px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; color: rgb(63, 63, 63); letter-spacing: 1.5px;"><section data-brushtype="text" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">铁道</span></p></section></section></section></section></section></section></section></section><section data-role="list" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; line-height: 1.75em; letter-spacing: 2px; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; line-height: 22.5px; color: black; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">1.主航道的垄断竞争状态依然坚固,其原因是规划、勘测等基础业务具有强烈的垄断性,垄断竞争者主要是铁一、二、三、四院;</span></p><section data-role="list" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; line-height: 1.75em; letter-spacing: 2px; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; line-height: 22.5px; color: black; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">2.辅助航道的铁道设计企业包括中国中铁、中国铁建、中国交建下属的其他设计院和其他省级交通院的铁道分院,他们在技术、经验、团队等方面与主航道企业仍存在比较大的差距,其未来能否进入主航道取决于行业管理方式的变化和自身能力,如行业管理方式快速变化,企业自身足够努力,辅助航道的铁道企业仍有可能追上主航道企业?/span></p><section data-tools="135编辑? data-id="93591" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><section style="margin: 10px auto; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; text-align: center;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; border-color: rgb(162, 162, 162); border-radius: 20px; display: inline-block;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; display: flex;"><section style="margin: 0px 0px 0px -1px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; width: 25px; height: 25px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; border-color: rgb(162, 162, 162); border-radius: 50%; background: rgb(165, 165, 165);"><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><br style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"/></p></section><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px 10px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; color: rgb(63, 63, 63); letter-spacing: 1.5px;"><section data-brushtype="text" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">公路</span></p></section></section></section></section></section></section></section></section><section data-role="list" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; line-height: 1.75em; letter-spacing: 2px; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; line-height: 22.5px; color: black; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">1.国网建设的自由竞争和省网的区域垄断竞争并存,在省级交通设计院所在区域,他们往往比建筑央企下属设计院(原国家级设计院)更具有竞争优势,省网投资主体与省级设计院关系更加密切;</span></p><section data-role="list" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; line-height: 1.75em; letter-spacing: 2px; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; line-height: 22.5px; color: black; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">2.省级交通设计院与国家级设计院在技术能力上的差异越来越小,省级院深度参与区域规划,他们人脉更熟、对气候地质条件理解更深入,在服务方面成本更低,使区域相对垄断局面难以改变?/span></p><section data-tools="135编辑? data-id="93591" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><section style="margin: 10px auto; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; text-align: center;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; border-color: rgb(162, 162, 162); border-radius: 20px; display: inline-block;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; display: flex;"><section style="margin: 0px 0px 0px -1px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; width: 25px; height: 25px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; border-color: rgb(162, 162, 162); border-radius: 50%; background: rgb(165, 165, 165);"><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><br style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"/></p></section><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px 10px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; color: rgb(63, 63, 63); letter-spacing: 1.5px;"><section data-brushtype="text" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">水运</span></p></section></section></section></section></section></section></section></section><section data-role="list" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; line-height: 1.75em; letter-spacing: 2px; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; line-height: 22.5px; color: black; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">1.一、二、三、四航院形成牢固的行业垄断竞争状态,四大院在传统业务区域依然存在竞争优势,但跨区域的竞争逐步加剧?/span></p><section data-role="list" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; line-height: 1.75em; letter-spacing: 2px; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; line-height: 22.5px; color: black; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">2.由于水运建设市场逐步萎缩,水运勘察设计企业必须拓展新业务,发展市政、水环境、建筑等业务和工程总承包成为他们战略发展的必然?/span></p><section data-role="list" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; letter-spacing: 0.544px; color: rgb(62, 62, 62); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><section data-role="outer" label="Powered by 135editor.com" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><section data-role="paragraph" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><section data-id="89434" data-tools="135编辑? style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.8); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; border-width: 0px; border-style: none; border-color: initial; letter-spacing: 0.68px; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; text-align: center; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><section class="__bg_gif" data-order="4" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; background-position: 0px 50%; width: 2.5em; height: 3em; background-image: url("https://mmbiz.qpic.cn/mmbiz_gif/fgnkxfGnnkTMNtGy7KWfCrdJibAYY6HtIUM7juy5UwZTqywnItJwjmgOAnlHP5j2n4icsH3qhoFCNmw5yAPIso0Q/640?wx_fmt=gif"); color: rgb(255, 255, 255); line-height: 3em; font-size: 1em; background-repeat: no-repeat; display: inline-block; background-size: 100%; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><p title="" data-original-title="" style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">4</p></section></section></section><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.8); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; letter-spacing: 0.54px; text-align: center; line-height: 27.2px; widows: 1; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-family: 宋体; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">看模?/strong></span></p></section></section></section></section></section></section><section data-role="list" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><section data-tools="135编辑? data-id="93591" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><section style="margin: 10px auto; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; text-align: center;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; border-color: rgb(162, 162, 162); border-radius: 20px; display: inline-block;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; display: flex;"><section style="margin: 0px 0px 0px -1px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; width: 25px; height: 25px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; border-color: rgb(162, 162, 162); border-radius: 50%; background: rgb(165, 165, 165);"><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><br style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"/></p></section><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px 10px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; color: rgb(63, 63, 63); letter-spacing: 1.5px;"><section data-brushtype="text" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">大土木行?/span></p></section></section></section></section></section></section><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; line-height: 1.75em; letter-spacing: 2px; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; line-height: 22.5px; color: black; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">1.以政府和政府投资平台为主的投资模式难以发生实质性改变,随着政府财政收支平衡难度增大。经济发展需要和资金困难是两个最大的影响因素,前者起正向作用,后者起负向作用,投资能否持续增长由两方面力量的强弱决定?/span><br style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"/></p><section data-role="list" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; line-height: 1.75em; letter-spacing: 2px; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; line-height: 22.5px; color: black; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">2.PPP模式仍有一定的发展空间,但受政府信用、社会资本投入的可持续性等诸多因素影响,平安建投、复星基础设施集团等机构的经营状态将一定程度上影响这一模式的未来;</span></p><section data-role="list" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; line-height: 1.75em; letter-spacing: 2px; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; line-height: 22.5px; color: black; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">3.DB模式有一定发展空间,但政府针对具体项目的结算方式、支付信用对DB模式将产生巨大的影响,建设参与者需要综合考量?/span></p><section data-tools="135编辑? data-id="93591" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><section style="margin: 10px auto; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; text-align: center;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; border-color: rgb(162, 162, 162); border-radius: 20px; display: inline-block;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; display: flex;"><section style="margin: 0px 0px 0px -1px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; width: 25px; height: 25px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; border-color: rgb(162, 162, 162); border-radius: 50%; background: rgb(165, 165, 165);"><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><br style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"/></p></section><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px 10px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; color: rgb(63, 63, 63); letter-spacing: 1.5px;"><section data-brushtype="text" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">市政</span></p></section></section></section></section></section></section></section></section></section><section data-role="list" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; line-height: 1.75em; letter-spacing: 2px; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; line-height: 22.5px; color: black; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">1.设计咨询与施工总包分离,仍是主流建设模式;</span></p><section data-role="list" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; line-height: 1.75em; letter-spacing: 2px; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; line-height: 22.5px; color: black; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">2.DB模式和从投资到运营、维保的全价值链模式,有发展空间?/span></p><section data-role="list" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; letter-spacing: 0.544px; color: rgb(62, 62, 62); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><section data-role="outer" label="Powered by 135editor.com" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><section data-role="paragraph" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><section data-id="89434" data-tools="135编辑? style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.8); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; border-width: 0px; border-style: none; border-color: initial; letter-spacing: 0.68px; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; text-align: center; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><section class="__bg_gif" data-order="5" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; background-position: 0px 50%; width: 2.5em; height: 3em; background-image: url("https://mmbiz.qpic.cn/mmbiz_gif/fgnkxfGnnkTMNtGy7KWfCrdJibAYY6HtIUM7juy5UwZTqywnItJwjmgOAnlHP5j2n4icsH3qhoFCNmw5yAPIso0Q/640?wx_fmt=gif"); color: rgb(255, 255, 255); line-height: 3em; font-size: 1em; background-repeat: no-repeat; display: inline-block; background-size: 100%; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><p title="" data-original-title="" style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">5</p></section></section></section><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.8); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 16px; letter-spacing: 0.54px; text-align: center; line-height: 27.2px; widows: 1; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-family: 宋体; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">看政?/strong></span></p></section></section></section></section></section></section><section data-tools="135编辑? data-id="93591" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><section style="margin: 10px auto; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; text-align: center;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; border-color: rgb(162, 162, 162); border-radius: 20px; display: inline-block;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; display: flex;"><section style="margin: 0px 0px 0px -1px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; width: 25px; height: 25px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; border-color: rgb(162, 162, 162); border-radius: 50%; background: rgb(165, 165, 165);"><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><br style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"/></p></section><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px 10px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; color: rgb(63, 63, 63); letter-spacing: 1.5px;"><section data-brushtype="text" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">大土木行?/span></p></section></section></section></section></section></section></p><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; white-space: normal; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); line-height: 1.75em; letter-spacing: 2px; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; line-height: 22.5px; color: black; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">79家综合甲级资质企业中?5家属于大土木领域的设计院,显示出大土木融合的趋势,融合体现在专业壁垒逐步降低,价值链环节逐步融合,相比建筑设计行业,政策对大土木设计更加利好?/span></p><p><br/></p><p><br/></p><p><span 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